E-cigarette evidence update – patterns and use in adults and young people

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Smoking prevalence is at an all-time low in England, however over six million individuals are nonetheless smoking. The lately printed NHS Long Term Plan hails prevention as a method to save over 500,000 lives throughout the following ten years, and serving to people who smoke to give up is a key a part of the plan.

There are 2.5 million e-cigarette customers throughout the nation and we’re used to seeing folks vaping. As recognition has elevated over the previous ten years, so too have discussions about their security and the way efficient they’re for quitting smoking.

In short, they aren’t fully danger free, however vaping is much much less dangerous than smoking – a view supported by many together with the Royal School of Physicians, Most cancers Analysis UK and the US Nationwide Academy of Sciences. Rising proof additionally means that utilizing an e-cigarette will be one of the efficient methods to give up.

PHE has simply printed the most recent update to our evidence on e-cigarettes, offering essential context for discussions about their position in smoking cessation. The newest in a collection of stories commissioned beneath the Tobacco Management Plan, this version seems to be particularly at patterns of use amongst adults and younger folks.

The report reveals that common e-cigarette use has plateaued over current years and highlights a number of the alternatives for Cease Smoking Providers particularly to encourage extra people who smoke to modify to vaping.

The important thing factors from the most recent replace are:

The nice majority of vapers are present or ex-smokers

The proof reveals that e-cigarette use stays largely confined to those that already smoke or ex-smokers, who’ve now give up utilizing an e-cigarette, whereas quitting smoking stays the important thing motivation amongst grownup vapers.

As e-cigarettes have turn into the give up help of alternative for grownup people who smoke, some have speculated that there will likely be a surge in younger folks utilizing them recurrently, with specific concern within the US about merchandise reminiscent of Juul. However our report reveals that this isn’t taking place in Britain. Whereas experimentation is rising, vaping amongst younger folks stays low.

Rising experimentation is unsurprising however the essential level is that we’re not seeing a surge in common use amongst younger folks, which stays low (1.7%) and primarily confined to those that already smoke. Solely 0.2% of those that have by no means smoked are common e-cigarette customers.

Past this report, the proof means that vaping helps folks quit smoking reasonably than main them to start out within the first place. The proportion of e-cigarettes customers who’re ex-smokers has elevated over current years and grownup smoking charges proceed to say no.

We’ll proceed to observe the proof on e-cigarette use extraordinarily carefully to make sure that we handle the dangers whereas maximising the general public well being alternatives they current to assist people who smoke give up for good.

We must be encouraging people who smoke to modify

Common e-cigarette use amongst adults is now plateauing and we all know {that a} third of people who smoke are but to attempt an e-cigarette. There is a chance right here to additional scale back the harms attributable to tobacco by encouraging extra people who smoke to attempt vaping and for ‘dual-users’ to modify fully.

Fewer than one in 20 (4.1%) give up makes an attempt in Cease Smoking Providers in England are made utilizing an e-cigarette regardless that that is an efficient method. Individually to our newest report, a major randomised control study has discovered that e-cigarettes, when mixed with face-to-face assist, are as much as twice as efficient for quitting smoking as different nicotine substitute merchandise reminiscent of patches or gum.

Our report recommends that Cease Smoking Providers ought to do extra to encourage people who smoke that need to give up with the assistance of an e-cigarette. All providers, and certainly different healthcare professionals, ought to encourage people who smoke who need to give up by switching to vaping.

For the general public, our recommendation stays the identical: if you happen to’re not a smoker, don’t begin and don’t vape. In the event you’re a smoker, give up now and think about using an e-cigarette that will help you. Do not forget that utilizing a give up help together with assist out of your native quit smoking service offers you the very best likelihood of quitting efficiently.

You may learn the complete evidence update for additional data.

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